Ever experienced a nosebleed? You must have as it is a very common phenomenon. We all experience nosebleeds every now and then. Usually it is momentary and can be stemmed soon. However, in some cases, a nosebleed can become quite prolonged and can be some cause for worry. If you remember your biology lessons at school, you would know that the nose is full of a lot of blood vessels on the inner surface. A nose bleed occurs usually when the nasal membranes crack on drying. The bleeding is not too profuse and is a common occurrence in the winter or extremely dry climates. This is one of the natural causes of a nose bleed. Sometimes, people are prone to nose bleeds when they are taking a medication that works to prevent blood clots. In such cases, the nose bleed takes a little more time to stop. Nosebleeds can also result in a traumatic impact such as a major fall or an accident.
Prolonged cold climatic conditions or respiratory infections can also lead to nosebleeds. High blood pressure caused by hypertension is another major factor that triggers nosebleeds in a lot of cases. In children, the most common cause of nose bleeds is nose-picking. The habit tends to aggravate the nasal membranes, often causing them to break. Alcohol abuse and major hormonal imbalance can also cause nose bleeds. Often, pregnant women report cases of nose bleeds. This is attributed to the hormonal changes that the body is being subjected to.
There are a lot of home remedies that are effective in treating nosebleeds. Some simple steps are all you need to follow to stem that flow. Here is what you need to do- sit straight and incline your head in the forward direction. This is required in order to prevent blood from flowing to the throat and making you swallow it. Next, using your thumb and forefinger, pinch the soft area of the nose, that is, the part where the cartilage is. This will make you breathe through your mouth for a while. You may apply a nasal spray medication meant for nose bleeds before this step if you have it handy. Next, get an ice pack and hold it in place over your nose and over your cheeks. This is based on the principle that cold restricts the flow of blood by constricting the blood vessels and enhances the blood clotting process. This aids in stemming the flow of blood. Check the time and hold your nose in the same manner for a full ten minutes. The pressure is required to stop the blood flow. Ten minutes may seem like a very long time but resist the urge to relieve the pressure. Once the time is up, check if the nose bleed has stopped. If not, repeat the process for another ten minutes. That usually suffices. Once the bleeding stops follow it up with some quite rest for a few hours and avoid blowing your nose. Keep the area moisturized to prevent dryness. In case the bleeding persists, seek medical aid as it may be a serious issue.