What is a vitamin and mineral supplement?

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Sometimes our body may not get the sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals that it requires from the food we intake. Each vitamin or mineral has a particular effect on the body. Since vitamins and minerals are essential in the metabolism and proper functioning of the body, it is very necessary that adequate amount of vitamins and minerals are taken in. When the food we eat daily fails to do the needful, we need vitamin and mineral supplements. These supplements fulfill the requirement of the body and help to maintain the normal balance. They provide energy, better performance and immunity and also help to control weight. People already with normal amounts of vitamins and minerals are less likely to get any benefit from these supplements. Multivitamin/mineral supplements are available as MVM supplement tablets that contain certain vitamins and minerals.

What-is-a-vitamin-and-mineral-supplementWho may benefit from vitamin and mineral supplements?

People who are in need of vitamin and mineral supplements to correct their deficiencies are generally: Pregnant or breastfeeding women. Pregnant women need iron supplements while women preparing for pregnancy must take folic acid to minimize the chances of brain deformities in the child. Alcoholic people, Those who indulge in crash dieting, Women who bleed excessively during menstruation, People allergic to certain food items. In case of some diseases causing weakness and other deficiencies in the body. People above fifty should take Vitamin B12. Post menopause women should take calcium and vitamin D to increase their bone strength.

How do people benefit from vitamin and mineral supplements?

These act like medicines to help the body regain normalcy. Vitamin C is good for common cold while Vitamin E is suggested for heart diseases. Multivitamin/mineral supplements usually restore the levels of iron, zinc, niacin and folic acid in the body. It has been seen that certain vitamins and minerals slowed down the process of macular degeneration and vision impairment. Consult with your healthcare provider regarding which supplement should be best for you. Different products are designed according to age, sex, need and conditions like pregnancy. Are vitamin and mineral supplements safe?

Basic MVMs are generally considered safe. It is recommended that while taking a supplement ensure you take it in the right amount. The combined amount of a vitamin or mineral you get from food as well as dietary supplements should not exceed the standard upper limit set for that vitamin or mineral. Be careful with the amounts of especially Vitamin A, beta carotene and iron. Vitamin A taken excessively in pregnancy can lead to birth defects in the child. Smokers should avoid Vitamin A and beta carotene to reduce risks of getting lung cancer. Women post menopause should not exceed taking more than 18mg of iron unless they have iron deficiencies. Taking iron more than necessary can lead to damage of tissues and organs. Vitamin K is usually not to be taken along with medicines for blood clotting, like Warfarin. Consult with a health care provider regarding such issues.