The banner of family planning and reproductive health care encompasses a variety of subjects like contraception, sexual or reproductive health, treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, health education, etc. Proper family planning and reproductive health is very necessary for the growth of a healthy generation. People need to make wise family planning to maintain basic standards of living and health. Care should also be taken in delaying motherhood for young women, spacing two pregnancies adequately and also avoiding unwanted pregnancies and abortions. Neglect in these areas are the reasons which lead to maternal deaths and infant deaths.
An essential part of family planning is birth control. One or two children per family are recommended to maintain healthy standards of living. Raising a child requires time, finance and also a social environment. Too many children in a family lead to distribution of resources among many which leave children malnourished and neglected. For this you need to avoid unwanted pregnancies. There are a lot of options available when it comes to contraception. Condoms should be used every time during intercourse as it prevents pregnancies as well as sexually transmitted diseases. A diaphragm or cervical cap may also be used. Birth control pills and implants and IUDs are other methods of medically controlling pregnancies.
In case you are planning for a second child, give the mother an adequate gap of 2 years after a pregnancy. Giving birth to a child weakens the body and subsequent pregnancies within a short time can further degrade the health of the mother.
If there is a miscarriage or abortion it is necessary to wait for at least six months before planning a pregnancy again. Both early and late pregnancies are risky. Wait for the women to cross the age of 18 and mature before expecting her to give birth. Those who have completed their families can opt for permanent methods like tubal ligation and vasectomy to prevent having any children in future.
How to take care of reproductive health?
Reproductive health means that people should have a fulfilling as well as safe sexual life, they should have the capability to produce offspring and also have the freedom to decide when and whether to do so. It also ensures awareness about reproductive health and providing women with safe means of pregnancy and childbirth. Wait till a woman reaches the age of eighteen before indulging in intercourse. Do not pressurize or hasten for pregnancy. Ensure that the right amounts of vitamins and minerals are given to the mother before planning pregnancy. If the mother is not healthy, there are chances of birth defects and even miscarriages. In case of miscarriages, do not hurry the next pregnancy. Always take care of contraception to avoid unwanted pregnancies and also prevent the spreading of STDs like HIV/AIDS. In case of failing health, visit the nearest medical facility and get tested.
- An expectant mother always needs adequate food, supplements and rest. Ensure her mental and physical well being and take care of her diet.
- Pregnant women are often anemic. Do not neglect iron supplements.
- Get the delivery done at a hospital only where the mother and the child will be safe and secure.
- Maintain a gap of two years before you plan a child again. This ensures that the woman regains her strength lost through pregnancy.