Food is the thing that keep us alive on the planet along with oxygen and sunlight. We get energy from the food we eat. To lead a healthy life, it is important to eat healthy foodstuffs keeping in mind the requirements of human body. It needs all the nutrients in adequate quantities to function at best. Deficiency of any nutrients may cause disorders of different types. Thus, nutrition plays very important role to achieve the said purpose of healthy and fit life. You need to know everything about the nutrition and how it helps human body.
Easily, carbohydrates (or carbs) are the basic building blocks of body. Without it, we cannot get energy to sustain. A human body needs six ounce equivalents of whole grain carbs per day. Breads, oat meals and grains are enough for filling the quantities of carbohydrates in the human body. Whatever energy we get after eating food, is only due to carbohydrates.
Protein are building blocks for growth of the body. If carbs provide us with energy, proteins are needed for growth of body. The body muscles are built with the help of protein. Also, the maintenance of our body cell structure is responsibility of protein. Our bones, muscles, skin, blood cells, hair etc. grow only because of protein. This is the reason body builders take protein supplements to increase their mass and body structure. The weight growth should be protein-based rather than fat-based. Protein also helps with facilitating enzymes which help in chemical reaction of the body that includes digestion as well. Fish, Eggs, Milk, Soya etc. are the excellent sources of protein. If you want to growth of your body, include protein rich foods in your diet.
Vitamins and minerals
Vitamins are known as ‘vital elements’ of body nutrition. There are different types of vitamin in body nutritional system with each of the vitamin necessary in its own place. They are denoted by alphabets like vitamin A. vitamin B, vitamin C etc. Vegetables, fruits, and many foodstuffs contain vitamins. Sun is the natural source of vitamin D that helps calcium get absorbed in bones.
Although we have misconception of fats with obesity, they are important nutrients of the human physical system. It cannot be eliminated from our nutrition, but it needs to be in control. If fats are taken in required quantities, they are beneficial to the body. They help our internal organs from being affected with friction and decay. Fats give rise in calories, and one should prevent excessive fat intake. Fat is found in butter, cheese, mayonnaise, milk etc.
Our body is seventy percent made up of water. It helps regulate the flow of nutrients in body and keeps the regulation of body temperature. It is recommended to drink at least 8 to 10 glasses of water per day. Also, water is the only thing that we know upfront available rather than other nutrients. Thus, drink as much water as you can as it is one of the most important part to complete a healthy nutrition.
These are the basic nutrients that you need to have in your diet to live a healthy life. This is all you need to know about basic nutrition in a nutshell.